MosArt has carried out landscape and visual impact assessment of approximately 50 on-shore and 3 off-shore wind farms around Ireland, and many of which have been successful in achieving planning permission. They advocate a strongly landscape design-led approach to the planning of wind farms. Their assessment is greatly influenced by the Wind Farm Planning Guidelines (co-drafted by MosArt).
The land-based windfarm project being presented above involved the landscape and visual impact assessment of three wind farms proposed for an area of high ground located east of Donegal Town. In total, 41 turbines were proposed in an area that already has a number of other wind farms either constructed or approved in terms of planning permission. Assessment of cumulative effect was therefore a core part of the study. The three projects were granted planning permission by An Bord Pleanala in August 2007, with just one of the 41 proposed turbines refused.
MosArt have carried out landscape and visual impact assessment of three proposed offshore wind farms in the Irish Sea at Arklow Bank, Codling Bank and Oriel (north east of Clogher Head). The project at Arklow Bank may eventually involve approximately 200 turbines generating 520MW of electricity, enough energy to supply around 10% of Ireland’s total needs. Currently there are 7 operational turbines in situ. The wind farm would be located 7km offshore and stretch over a distance of over 25km.